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Understanding the Kennel Cough Vaccine

The “kennel cough” vaccine is actually an injection or nasal mist that specifically targets the bacteria bordetellabronchiseptica, which is only one of several potential infectious agents underlying canine infectious tracheobronchitis. Because bordetella is a very...

What is kennel cough?

Kennel cough is an infectious respiratory disease seen most often in dogs. It can be contracted by other companion species, including cats, but those instances are more rare. The scientific name for kennel cough is canine infectious tracheobronchitis. Puppies age 6...

History of the Rodent Fancy

The history of rodents living with humans is long and convoluted, beginning with an involuntary relationship on the part of mankind. When we ceased to be primarily hunters and gatherers, shifting to a more agrarian existence, rats and mice happily moved into grain...

What are Rats?

Rats are the most intelligent of all the rodents, although squirrels run them a close second. In the wild, there are two species of rats: Rattus rattus, the roof rat, and Rattus norvegicus, the Norway rat. The two species cannot interbreed, but are still closely...

Feeding Your Saltwater Fishf

Depending on the composition of your tank’s population, you will likely have a combination of carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores. Know your fish and pick your foods accordingly. Carnivores Your meat-eating fish need lots of protein in their diet, and they generally...

Populating Your Saltwater Tank

Many beginning aquarists take the “kid in a candy store” approach to populating their tanks. This is a serious mistake for many reasons. You will likely buy too many fish and not pay proper attention to population management in terms of compatibility. Rather than...